Black people throughout the history of the diaspora have made their mark in two particular sports that share the same name, football! Whether you call it soccer , football or futbol, those two sports in particular black people can definitely , “route you up” in. But before we dominated the football leagues and routed our cousins up on the field on Saturday’s, we took some other routes worth mentioning…
- Transatlantic Slave Trade 15th-18th Century
The interruption of African history started again in the 15th through 18th centuries which is also known as the period of the transatlantic slave trade, which took place across the Atlantic Ocean. It is estimated that about 12.5 million Africans were shipped to the “New World”,( even though thats debatable who it was actually “new” for but thats another article) 10.7 million survived the dreaded Middle Passage, disembarking in North America, the Caribbean and South America.
- The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was a large network of safe houses and routes that escaped slaves used to travel to the North, often covering 10 to 20 miles each day. Enslaved Africans took routes towards Canada and free states with the help of abolitionist and whites who supported their cause.
- Haitian Migration 1791-1809
Following the slave uprising in Saint Domingue and the independence of the island, several thousand enslaved and free people arrived in the United States between 1791 and 1809. Their influence was deeply felt in Louisiana.
- 1820 Freed U.S. slaves depart on journey to Africa
In 1820 on a quest for Freetown, Sierra Leone, West Africa a voyage was organized by the American Colonization Society founded in part to return freed Africans to Africa. The trip was also funded by the US Congress which had appropriated $100,000 to be used for returning “displaced” Africans.
- Early West Migration 1840-1940s
After Reconstruction, African Americans disillusioned with the Jim Crow South and attracted by land and jobs migrated west to Kansas, Oklahoma, the Great Plains, and California. Many of these pioneers settled on homesteads or in all-black towns.
- From the Caribbean to the UK 1948
Many for the first caribbean immigrants to Britain were ex-servicemen who had fought in the Second World War, arriving on the ship Empire Windrush in June 1948. After the first initial group, men and women from Jamaica, Trinidad, Barbados and other West Indian islands who responded to the call for workers to help rebuild post-war Britain arrived.
- The Great Migration 1910-1970
Between 1910 and 1970 in the United States there was a period known as The Great Migration this was also know as the African-American Exodus. During this period an estimated 6 million African-Americans moved out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West. Cities like New York, Chicago, Detroit and Cleveland saw their African-American populations spike by about 40 percent, and the number of African-Americans employed in industrial jobs nearly doubled between 1910-1930.